What Types of Cancers Can Proton Therapy Treat?
Proton therapy can be effective in treating lymphoma, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, throat cancer, thyroid cancer, and various other conditions. Proton therapy is often used to treat both early-stage and advanced cancers due to the minimal side effects of proton radiation and its ability to treat both malignant and benign tumors. The success rate of proton therapy depends on the stage, location of cancer, and other factors.
Explore what conditions can be treated with proton therapy:
Head and Neck Cancer
Head and neck cancers like larynx, sinus, tonsil, and throat cancers can be treated with proton radiation therapy. Head and neck cancer treatments vary with staging and location of the tumor.
Both Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be treated with proton radiation therapy. Laser-like precision allows radiation oncologists to effectively target cancer cells in the lymphatic system.
Both small cell and non-small cell lung cancer can be treated with proton therapy. Radiation therapy is a viable treatment option for patients with other lung and heart diseases.
Various kinds of thyroid cancer can be treated with proton therapy. Proton therapy is one of the best treatments for thyroid cancer as it can help reduce radiation to surrounding healthy tissues.
Proton therapy is a treatment available for esophageal cancer. Studies show that radiation doses to the heart are significantly less with proton beam therapy than x-ray radiation.
Due to precise radiation technology, there are several benefits of proton therapy for stomach cancer. Gastrointestinal cancers can be treated more precisely and with fewer side effects.
The 3 main types of bladder cancer (urothelial, squamous cell, and adenocarcinoma) can be treated with proton therapy. Reduced radiation to healthy tissues and fast treatment time are some benefits of proton therapy for bladder cancer.
Following surgery, proton therapy may be the best treatment for tongue cancer. Due to its challenging location, proton radiation therapy is used to prevent damage to surrounding areas.
Brain and Spine Cancer
Brain and spine cancer, including both malignant and benign tumors, can be treated with proton therapy. Studies show that CNS cancers treated with proton therapy have a 50% decrease in the risk of radiation-associated secondary tumors.
Proton therapy for gastrointestinal cancer is often considered a better alternative to radiation therapy because of its ability to attack tumors layer by layer. Proton therapy can be used to treat various types of gastrointestinal cancer including: colon cancer, rectal cancer, anal cancer, and stomach cancer.
Recurrent and Secondary Cancer
Proton therapy is an option for recurrent and secondary cancer treatment. By directly targeting the tumor with pencil beam scanning technology, proton therapy protects healthy organs and tissues surrounding the secondary tumor.